Use Of Ascorbic Acid In Skin Care – Case Study Of Royale-C
Ascorbic acid—also known as L-ascorbic acid—has the most research of any form of vitamin C when it comes to benefits for skin. It is a potent antioxidant and skin-soothing agent that can improve the appearance of signs of aging.
At Health2Wealth Skin Care program, we follow the latest research on Sodium Ascorbate, and are excited to share how you can incorporate this powerhouse antioxidant ingredient into your skincare routine, no matter your skin type or anti-aging concern.
Ascorbic acid is also a powerhouse when mixed with other antioxidants, or when used alone in higher concentrations, such as 15% or 20% or greater, amounts that can be great for evening out skin tone.
A particularly vulnerable antioxidant when exposed to UV light and air, ascorbic acid must be packaged to protect it from these elements during routine use, or its effectiveness will gradually become diminished to the point of not working at all (you will see this as oxidized discoloration, meaning the product turns a copper to brownish color).
For this reason, avoid any vitamin C (ascorbic acid) products packaged in jars.
What’s the deal with Sodium Ascorbate?
Vitamin C is a chemical called ascorbic acid that is naturally occurring in skin. It is known to play a role in collagen production.
In addition, when topically applied it is thought to help heal acne, increase the barrier function of skin to decrease moisture loss, protect from UV radiation, and prevent age spots.
Sounds too good to be true, huh? Well there is a downside – it’s difficult to deliver Vitamin C to skin in a form that is stable, effective and non-irritating.
There are something like 7 or 8 different forms of Vitamin C that are used in cosmetics and there’s a LOT of noise out there about how the different versions work, how much to use, what kind of formula is required to deliver the ingredient, and so forth.
So, today, we’re going to try to get to the bottom of that mess by reviewing the best scientific data available on ascorbic acid.
Let’s start by discussion the mechanism. Remember the active form is ascorbic acid so all the derivatives must be converted to ascorbic acid on the skin.
Is there a mechanism that explains how Vitamin C works?
Remember that unlike many other anti aging ingredients, Vitamin C is naturally found in skin (mostly in the epidermis, some in the dermis) and it’s role in skin biology is well documented.
Ascorbic Acid (AA)
Is it Stable? Stable at pH less than 3.5 in aqueous solution and it’s stable in anhydrous systems
Does it penetrate? Ex vivo testing proves it penetrates as a solution or micro particles
Does it convert to Ascorbic Acid? No conversion required.
Protects from UV damage: Yes, human in vivo testing.
Increases collagen synthesis: Yes, human in vivo testing.
Reduces skin pigmentation: Yes, human in vivo testing.
So this ingredient is the gold standard for Vitamin C.
However because it’s often used at very low pH it can be harsh to skin which has lead to the development of other versions of AA.
What Is It?
Ascorbic Acid is commonly known as Vitamin C. Salts of Ascorbic Acid, such as Calcium Ascorbate, Magnesium Ascorbate, Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate, Sodium Ascorbate and Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate may also be used in cosmetics and personal care products. These ingredients are used in a variety of cosmetics and personal care products including makeup, as well as skin and hair care products.
Why is it used in cosmetics and personal care products?
Ascorbic Acid and its salts are used in the formulation of cosmetics and personal care products as antioxidants to slow deterioration caused by exposure to the air and also to control the pH of the finished product.
Ascorbic Acid is an essential nutrient required for collagen production, tissue repair, and for the synthesis of neurotransmitters.
It also acts as an antioxidant, plays a role in resistance to infections, and is used for the treatment and prevention of scurvy.
The U.S. Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) for Ascorbic Acid is 75 mg/kg/day for women and 90 mg/kg/day for men. Citrus fruits (orange, lemon, grapefruit, lime), tomatoes and potatoes are rich dietary sources of Ascorbic Acid.
Ascorbic Acid functions as an antioxidant and pH adjuster. Antioxidants are ingredients employed in cosmetics to prevent or retard product spoilage from rancidity (or deterioration from reaction with oxygen). Antioxidants play a vital role in maintaining the quality, integrity, and safety of cosmetic products. Typical cosmetic antioxidants include reducing agents and free radical scavengers.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) includes Ascorbic Acid, Calcium Ascorbate and Sodium Ascorbate on its list of substances considered Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) as preservatives. Ascorbic Acid is also on the list of GRAS nutrients.
The safety of Ascorbic Acid, Calcium Ascorbate, Magnesium Ascorbate, Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate, Sodium Ascorbate and Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate has been assessed by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel. The CIR Expert Panel reveiwed the scientific data and concluded that Ascorbic Acid and its salts were safe for use in cosmetic and personal care products.
The CIR Expert Panel noted that Ascorbic Acid was not genotoxic in most of the assay systems, but did yield a positive response in a few assay systems.
When acting as an antioxidant, the CIR Expert Panel concluded that Ascorbic Acid was not genotoxic. Ascorbic acid was not carcinogenic in studies conducted by the National Toxicology Program.
Because of the possibility that certain metal ions that could combine with Ascorbic Acid and related ingredients producing pro-oxidative activity, the CIR Expert Panel cautioned formulators to be certain that these ingredients are acting as antioxidants in cosmetic formulations. The CIR Expert Panel also considered clinical experience and data from a study using 5% Ascorbic Acid, coupled with an absence of reports in the clinical literature of sensitization, as strong support for the safety of Ascorbic Acid and related ingredients.
Use of Ascorbic Acid In Skin Care Routine
When added to your daily skincare routine, well-formulated products containing vitamin C provide a range of benefits, from helping to even out your skin tone, shielding skin from the visible impact of pollution, significantly improving hydration, and keeping your skin looking younger, longer!
Protecting from UV damage
Although Ascorbic Acid is NOT a sunscreen but it protects skin from the free radicals that are caused by UV exposure.
It’s been shown to reduce lipid peroxidation, limit the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, protect against apoptosis (or cell death) and to reduce redox-sensitive cell signaling.
All this means that Ascorbic Acid reduces many of the nasty effects of sun exposure.
Increasing collagen to reduce wrinkles
As you know collagen collapse is a major cause of wrinkles. Vitamin C regulates the synthesis of collagen and it does this by hydroxylating collagen which makes it more stable and improves the way it supports the epidermis.
Several types of collagen provide structure for body tissues, but type I and type III collagen have the greatest effect on the skin, according to SmartSkinCare.com. Type III collagen makes the skin of young people very soft. As people age, type I collagen replaces type III collagen.
Reducing skin pigmentation
Ascorbic Acid not only reduces melanin production but it also reduces oxidation of the melanin that is produced. It’s also thought to reverse the conversion of DOPA to o-DOPA quinone (which is a skin pigment).
According to the Office of Dietary Supplements, taking ascorbic acid or sodium ascorbate can help with cancer prevention and treatment. Patients who take sufficient amounts of vitamin C have a lower chance of developing various forms of cancer like breast, lung and colon cancer.
High vitamin C blood levels can shrink tumors and abnormal growths. Sodium ascorbate is an effective antioxidant that protects the cells from the harmful effects of free radicals. This supplement can even complement and enhance the effectiveness of other antioxidants. Free radicals that come from environmental pollutants, tobacco, smoke and radiation contribute to cancer.
The incidence of developing cardiovascular disease is significantly low for patients taking sodium ascorbate, as described in the Office of Dietary Supplements. The antioxidant effects of this supplement contribute to cardiovascular health.
Oxidative damage due to free radicals is one of the major causes of cardiovascular disease; this type of damage takes place in the body’s cells. Too many chemical changes in these cells increases the risk for chronic cardiovascular conditions.
Smoking, which affects the blood vessels and circulation, worsens cardiovascular health. For this reason, smokers need to add 35 more milligrams in their daily ascorbic acid requirement.
Good Eye Health
According to the American Optometric Association, one of the benefits of sodium ascorbate is good eye health. Vitamin C helps promote healthy capillaries and soft tissues which are abundant in the eyes.
This vitamin also helps ocular blood vessels to work and function properly. With older patients, vitamin C lowers the risk for cataract formation and Age-Related Macular Degeneration or AMD, the two leading causes of vision loss.
Regular intake of vitamin C through diet or nutritional supplements is important for the maintenance of good eye health.
The body uses vitamin C to replace damaged skin tissue with scar tissue, which helps wounds heal properly.
This connective tissue has a limited blood supply, so it appears paler than the original tissue.
Scar tissue also has limited function and sensation. Wounds that heal slowly may indicate a vitamin C deficiency.
Vitamin E Regeneration
Vitamin E also serves as an antioxidant in the human body. Vitamin C may play a role in regenerating oxidized vitamin E, which is vitamin E that interacts with free radicals to prevent cell damage.
Vitamin E has several important functions related to the skin. It protects the skin from UV light and, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center, may improve the texture of skin and reduce the depth of skin wrinkles.
Blood Vessel Structure
Collagen also provides structure for blood vessels, so the body needs vitamin C for a healthy vascular system. The tiny blood vessels under the skin carry oxygen and nutrients that keep the skin healthy. Without enough nutrients, the skin may become rough or dry. Some skin creams contain vitamin C to improve the appearance and texture of the skin.
So based on the data we’ve seen, ascorbic acid is the best version of Vitamin C to use in an anti-aging product.
But, just having ascorbic acid on the ingredient list doesn’t make a product “the best.” A well formulated product based on other derivatives could be better than a poorly formulated product based on ascorbic acid.
You need to keep in mind that the efficacy of any vitamin C based product depends on not only the type of Vitamin C, but also the concentration, the other ingredients in the formula and the packaging.
Lack of Vitamin C may lead to many severe complications. Since it is not produced by our body, eating foods that are rich in Vitamin C and taking supplements is highly recommended in order to maintain a healthy body and avoid diseases.
If you are looking for a powerful vitamin C that will not upset your stomach, then Sodium Ascorbate Royale-C is for you. It is the form of Vitamin C that it is easily absorbed by the body, to boost the immune system faster and more effectively.
Sodium Ascorbate Royale-C Benefits
- Boosts Immune System
- Strengthen Bones, Joints, Teeth, Muscles and Veins
- Increases Iron Absorption
- Promotes Collagen Renewal
- Helps Body in Situation of Stress
- Prevents Scruvy
- Promotes Healing of Wounds
- Reduces Allergic Reactions
- Prevents Cardiovascular Problems and High Blood
- Protects the Body Against Infections, Virus and Bacterial Toxins
- Decreases Cholesterol in the Blood
- Strengthens the Capillaries and Blood Vessels
- Stops Constipation and Shirnks Hemorrhoids
- Powerful Anti-Oxidant
- Tummy Friendly
- Mother of All Vitamins