Can Type 2 Diabetes Be Prevented?

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Can Type 2 Diabetes Be Prevented?

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Ayorinde 9 months 1 Answer 141 views Return Member 0

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  1. Although we cannot change your genetic risk for developing type 2 diabetes, we do know that even modest exercise and weight loss can delay or prevent the development of type 2 diabetes.

    A landmark research study in the United States, the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) was completed in 2002 and showed that when people modified their risk factors for type 2 diabetes, they reduced their chance of developing the condition.

    Similar results have been shown in Finland.

    In the DPP study, people with pre-diabetes were enrolled and assigned to 3 different treatments:

    • Intensive lifestyle changes – exercise (30 minutes, 5 days a week), a healthy diet, and weight loss (loss of 7% of initial weight)
    • The diabetes drug, Metformin
    • An inactive placebo disguised as Metformin

    The group that made lifestyle changes was 58% less likely to develop diabetes compared to the placebo group.

    And the group that took Metformin was 31% less likely to develop diabetes compared to the placebo group.

    In other words – lifestyle changes and Metformin therapy can delay or prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes.

    Lifestyle changes (weight loss, healthy diet and activity) are the most effective intervention.

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